＊Japanese version is here→ “論文オープンアクセス化のご案内”
Since the end of the twentieth century, a structure called Open Access (OA) has been gradually developed that allows anyone to access peer-reviewed academic papers posted on the Internet for free. The skyrocketing prices of academic journals, advances in electronic technology and the global spread of the Internet pushed this development. This has created an opportunity for researchers to have their research results reviewed and cited by other researchers. Sharing and utilizing research results through Open Access increases the cost-effectiveness of R&D, promotes interdisciplinary research, and leads to more innovation. Within the context of scholarly information distribution, Open Access is now a mainstream method of increasing the visibility and value of academic papers.
There are two methods to make academic papers Open Access documents: the Green Road and the Gold Road.
|➀Green Road (Green OA)|
| This is a method of posting a publisher-certified manuscript (author’s final draft of a paper, preprint, etc.) on a free-access website after a period of time the publisher designates has passed (self-archiving). An example is when an author posts a paper on a server the university or other institutions they are affiliated with (such as an institutional repository) operates.
Institutional repositories are electronic archives where universities and other institutions collect, store and publish the research results of their own institutions and allow anyone to view them for free. Saitama University operates a repository under the name “Saitama University Cyber Repository of Academic Resources (SUCRA)“. If you wish to post your paper using this method, please click here.
|➁Gold Road (Gold OA)|
| This is a method of making published academic papers accessible to anyone for free. For example, an author can pay an Article Processing Charge (APC) and submit the paper to an OA journal. By making the authors pay for the academic journal publishing fees, which had been paid by readers as subscription fees, this allows anyone to access OA papers.
Some publishers offer reduced APCs depending on the contract with the institution the author belongs to. If you are a member of our university and wish to post a paper using this method, please see this page.
Note: As the Open Access system becomes more widespread, more and more journals are being published for the purpose of improperly obtaining APCs. Academic journals without a clear and rigorous peer-review process are called “predatory journals,” and their negative impact on the overall distribution of academic information has been a major issue in recent years. (Our university also raised awareness of this issue at a faculty development lecture.) Once you submit your paper to a predatory journal,you may lose access to the paper that was supposed to become OA, and you may also lose your reputation as an author and researcher. Please be very careful where you submit your paper.